#4

1.  We’ve talked about visibility, invisibility, and even hypervisibility.  How do your authors see language helping these states of being?

2.  Many authors have used the term transformation.  Why?  Are they looking for a linguistic transformation, a bodily transformation, a social transformation, or something else?

3. Is there a difference between global feminism and transnational feminism?

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37 thoughts on “#4

  1. Language creates a sense of unity among races. Gloria Anzaldua describes the Chicano language as the final straw in the fight for unity of the Chicano people. Once a group of people have a set language they together have an identity. Language solidifies a group of people together and their solidarity they create an identity. When a group of people have their identity set, their problems become known, and they are able to spread their ideas and notions to others. Identity brings visibility. Visibility to their culture, to their issues, to their people, to their way of life. The Chicano people brought visibility to themselves once they became united through their language.

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    1. Also Language can be a device of division. The labeling affect can stimulate invisibility and/or visibility, it also depends on how subjective or objective a person(s) is being perceived.

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  2. 2) In both readings, the authors use the term transformation to allude to the concept that there needs to be a change or “transformation” in the way society views minority women’s rights around them. In “The strength of my rebellion” reading, the author shows how her upbringing in a “Mexican” culture effected her ideology and effected the way many people around viewed her and other women with similar cultures to her. She also wants a transformation of the way women in her culture are viewed by men in their culture to be changed. The culture itself views women as a subject to men and believes that women should not be independent or do things on their own. This is evident when Anzaldua says “yet our cultures take away our ability to act-shackle us in the name of protection” (Anzaldua 615). The protection aspect of it refers to the male physical dominance that the culture believes they posses. In the “Problematics of Transnational Feminism for Asian American Women” reading, Eliza Noh, the author believes that global feminism needs to stop viewing all of womens struggles as one because that tends to focus more on White Women problems rather than the problems that minority women face on a day to day struggle. It does not only focus on Asian womens struggles but the struggle of different minorities that seem to be set aside by the problems of more privileged White Woman.

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  3. 3. Transnational feminists believe that the use of global feminism disregards the role that gender, race, and class plays in the issues surrounding the treatment of Third World women. While transnational feminism focuses more on the idea that women from different nations have dissimilar experiences with gender inequality, global feminism ignores the problems women of color face and draws most attention to the needs of white feminism. Transnational feminism “acknowledges the importance of specifying diverse, “local” voices” (Noh 141). It recognizes the unequal relations between nations that stems from colonial domination.

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  4. 2. Many authors are looking for social transformations, whether its feminism, racism, or sexism. Transnational feminists wanted to eliminate international and global feminism as well as global capitalism. This means changing the social and economic oppression of men and women around the world, and removes the idea that people worldwide share the same struggles whether it is gender or race. Gloria Anzaldua explains her struggle to identify with herself and how it was a struggle to leave home and be herself between other races outside her own. She also brings up how she will not glorify the aspects of her culture which have injured her in the name of protecting her. This would not be the first culture to do this, restricting and excluding women from being equal to men because they are being “protected.” The author wanted out of this part of her culture because it was an excuse to be oppressed and restricted from being equally important and capable as men or white men and women who deemed themselves “better quality” people.

    Works Cited
    Wikipedia. 8 October 2016 .

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  5. #3 The difference between global feminism and transnational feminism is that global feminism is more focus on women rights as a whole throughout the united states. Feminism is the act of women rights through political, social, and equality to men. So global feminism differs a lot from transnational feminism because transnational corresponds to how globalization of the world affects how women are treated in regards to sex, class or race. Transnational feminism, in reality is a way to organize feminist activism movements, while global feminism is aligned to discuss or figure out why these issues among women are happening globally.

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  6. 3. Global feminism and transnational feminism are different. Global feminism advocates for the idea that women around the world can find things in common and unite under a bond of sisterhood on a global scale to advance women’s causes because all women in some way are affected by the patriarchy. The readings we have done in class related to or calling for a movement of global feminism focus less on how forces such as globalization and capitalism affect women of different backgrounds and races, although they do look at feminism from a post-colonial view. Eliza Noh discusses how transnational feminism is supposed to “transcend national boundaries” and create “world citizens”. While she finds fault with this idea because it oversimplifies a complex subject and neglects to address forces of power which are at play in today’s global system, we can still differentiate transnational feminism from global feminism in terms of what criteria they look at; transnational feminism can be differentiated from global feminism at least in some way even if both involve women around the world. Despite differences in their definitions, it seems that both movements call for empathy among women. Lorde and Afkhami have touched on the theme of similarities among women. Noh, in her essay talks about how transnational feminism seeks to “create alliances across boundaries”. In this way, transnational feminism and global feminism might have the empathy factor in common.

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  7. The major difference between global feminism and transnational feminism is that global feminism focuses on women as a whole globally. Global feminists believe that all women can came to a agreement and understanding under 1 common goal or movement . Transnational feminism is more concerned with specifics such as race, nations, gender, class, and sexuality. In the problematics of transitional feminism article, Noh talked about how Asian -American women were underrepresented globally. Strength of my rebellion did the same as well. That author described how her heritage was inferior to the white culture and women. Noh brings up a flaw in transnational feminism saying that an irresponsible interpretation of this is that “the idea that the social constructedness of race and culture mean that they are superficial and therefore knowable as a “play “of difference”- particularly with the context of globalization.”

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  8. Authors from “The Strength of My Rebellion”, talks about a Mexican female who describes herself as Chicana who rebels against the general Latino culture. The article “Problematic of Transactional Feminism for Asian American Women”, talk about Asian feminism. The authors from these articles use the term transformation to encompass a broad range of variant transformations from linguistic body and social, depending on what the character is experiencing. In terms of reality, one may develop a transformation that lacks other type of transformations or all. For bodily transformation they are looking for freedom of self expression through a women’s body in which they will dictate how they would take care of it for example, the way they dress, how much make up or hair they can have on their body and so on. Now on social transformation, can be interpreted as the freedom to be placed in groups that value like joining a political party of group or one where everyone express the same ideas beliefs and also identity. Lastly on linguistic there is no censorship in what they say and what they discuss without the fear of being paced into a gender stereotype based on what has been discussed. All of these can be defined as a way of transformation where society and men in particular, usually views Mexicans and other cultures as minorities that lead to speaking up and relating to the world based on experiences and the external factors that shape the way their culture is presented.

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  9. 2. The author, Gloria Anzaldua uses the term transformation because she is looking for a social change to happen within the Mexican-American community. Gloria, herself has went through a transformation and it was frowned upon in her Mexican community, including her own family and church She was expected to go clean instead she read and studied and for that she took daily beatings. In the Mexican tale “La Llorona” it’s about a woman who cries that her children are dead. Abazaldua refers to Mexican womb as “lloronas” because their only way to protest something is wailing about it. Anzaldua mentions “raza” often, “raza” means race in English, Mexicans say “viva la raza” which is a Mexican thing meaning be proud of your race, be proud you’re Mexican. When you go against traditional Mexican ways like Anzaldua, it’s like a form of betrayal to your heritage, you’re a rebel in your family’s eyes. Gloria would like to see a change in Mexican heritage when it comes to women. Mexican women, like all women, are not below men, we are not to cater to them, we are not all about cooking and cleaning, we are entitled to an education, having an opinion, being treated with respect and having a voice.

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    1. 2.In the article “The Strength In My Rebellion” by Gloria Anzaldua
      , the transformation being talked about is within the rebellion of the Mexican female, known as “Chicana”. Anzaldua states the expectations of women from a young age in the “Mexican-American” and Hispanic community. At a young age , Gloria Anzaldua spoke about being seen as an in-obedient child because of her refusal to follow along with what other girls did at her time. For example , Anzaldua stated that “Instead of ironing my younger brothers’ shirts or cleaning the cupboards, I would pass many hours studying, reading, painting, writing.” This was rebelling against what she was supposed to do, causing her to be called “Terca” by her parents, in english meaning “stubborn”. In this article, the transformation is social since Anzaldua is breaking the barriers of the Chicana during that time, being the first in six generations to be leaving her hometown and going to college. Yet, with all of this in mind, she kept her roots , Anzaldua states that throughout time, Chicanos have still kept their native tongue, culture, and their roots.

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  10. 3. Is there a difference between global feminism and transnational feminism?
    There is a distinct difference between global feminism and transnational feminism. Both types sound inclusive, yet transnational feminism is more divisive than the other.
    Global feminism is the recognition of the universality of the feminine condition and a movement to bring political, economic, and social power to all women. It is seen as a solution, along with empathy, to eliminate the patriarchy as Mahnaz Afkhami points out in “Empathy on a Global Scale”.
    On the other hand, in “Problematics of Transnational Feminism for Asian American Women”, Eliza Noh reveals the hypocrisy of transnational feminism. Transnational feminism is dismissive of the work of previous activists, and does not acknowledge the inequalities of different countries, or their power dynamics. Transnational feminism involves capitalism, globalization, and combines all women’s problems together. This is disparaging for women of different backgrounds because as Noh points out, transnational feminism creates this nonexistent coalition between white women and Asian women.

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  11. 2. In the article, “Problematics of Transnational Feminism For Asian American women” by Eliza Noh, she mentions that there needs to be a psychic transformation on the way the United States creates international relations. She mentions how after the 9/11 attacks, the U.S. military was more aggressive abroad, more concerned with protection, and needed to have a consciousness about global connections between and within the nations, people, and the natural environment in order to create international relations. She also mentioned how it was unfair for America to act in such a way when they went into Iraq for their own interests under an international coalition to hide their government rogue tactics.

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  12. 1. Language helps visibility, invisibility, and hyper visibility because it ultimately corrects biases created from the lack of knowledge. When understanding each component and the role language plays on the outcome, it reveals the relevance of language. For example, Audre Lorde points out the importance of speaking up to self-identify in a culturally competitive setting fighting for unity. Those without a voice or invisible take away from the quantitative approach to succeed as feminist. On the other hand, hyper- visibility is perception on differences which is misinterpreted as deviance, thus creating isolations amongst transnational feminist when communications are weak because language effects the way one country may understand or relate in another country. A big factor in transnational feminism is that it don’t look to unify all people , instead it focuses on a specific race, gender, class approach to unity which can technically be thought of as hyper visibility because it do not oversee everyone effected, which means there are different perceptions per country. If language explains who and what type of women are being effect than we can predict the outcome of the lack of language. There is no unity, greater stereotypes, and less progression in the fight for women rights which weakens movements when one choose to remain invisible or hyper-visible, but those who are visible lead by expressing themselves through language to unify and succeed suffrage movements.

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  13. PROFESSOR THIS IS NOT MY FULL RESPONSE THIS IS WHAT I SAVED IN MY PHONE NOTES SO I WOULD NOT LOSE MY RESPONSE BEFORE I COMPLETED IT.. JUST SUBMITTING AGAIN TO SEE IF THE TIME FIX 1. Language helps visibility, invisibility, and hyper visibility because it ultimately corrects biases created towards women from the lack of knowledge. When understanding each component and the role language plays on the outcome, it reveals the relevance of language. For example, Audre Lorde points out the importance of speaking up to self-identify in a culturally competitive setting fighting for unity. Those without a voice or invisible take away from the quantitative approach to succeed as feminist. On the other hand, hyper- visibility is perception on differences which is misinterpreted as deviance, thus creating isolations amongst transnational feminist when communications are weak because language effects the way one country may understand or relate in another country. A big factor in transnational feminism is that it don’t look to unify all people , instead it focuses on a specific race, gender, class approach to unity which can technically be thought of as hyper visibility because it do not oversee everyone effected

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  14. 3. Feminism is a recognition of the differences forced in a social, economic, historical, etc. context. There are many different types of feminism; global feminism and transnational feminism are two examples of the different types of feminism. Both have major differences: global feminism focuses on women in a global scale, it advocates that women globally find things and treatment the same. In global feminism, the women have one common goal. Even though that’s not the case, a white middle-class woman doesn’t have the same experiences that a female in Africa or South America has. Transnational feminism explains that women across the globe have dissimilar experiences. Transnational feminism is more concerned with specifics because it is clear that in different parts of the world, people are treated differently and have completely different experiences.

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  15. 2. Transformation means change between something or someone. In the reading we have read many of the authors have used the word “transformation”. They use this word because they want some type of change. Even though every author talks about different problems that women have, they all want one thing, social transformation. Social transformation is change in society. The authors want social transformation because they don’t want change for only one part of the country or for one race, they want change everywhere. For example, in the article, “The Strength of My Rebellion” by Gloria Anzaldua, she talks about how she wants people from Mexican or Chicano decent to stand up for their three different cultures, Mexican Indian, and white. In the text she says, “what I want is an accounting with all three cultures-white, Mexican, Indian. ” This shows that she wants society to be proud of all three cultures, not just white or Mexican. Also in the article “Problematics of Transnational Feminism for Asian American Women” by Eliza Noh, talks about how transnational feminism isn’t the right term because it makes it seem like all countries are equal and makes it seem like the work activist did before isn’t worth anything. In the text it says, “I think transnational feminism and feminism in general must be rehistoricized…” This shows that the author wants people to rethink how they use the term transnational feminism. In the end both articles show that they want social transformation because one way or another they want change in society, even if its for different reasons.

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  16. 2. The term transformation refers to “a thorough or dramatic change in form or appearance.”(dictionary n.p) I believe that many authors use this word in terms of feminism because it signifies a type of change, and reformation. In the article “The Strength of My Rebellion,” by Gloria Anzaldua, the author uses the word transformation in a way to signify social transformation. In her culture, there is a huge wall separating her Mexican heritage. She mentions the term “Chicanos” which refers to a person born in America to Mexican parents. “Nosotros los Chicanos straddle the borderlands. On one side of us, we are constantly exposed to the Spanish of the Mexicans, On the other side we hear the Anglos’ incessant clamoring so that we forget our language.” (Anzaldua 617). She is calling out that there is a big divide between the two types of people. She wants a social transformation in a way that there will be no divide between her people. She demands, “What I want is an accounting with all three cultures- white, Mexican, Indian… And if going home is denied me then i will have to stand and claim my own space, making a new culture.”( Anzaldua 616). Her assertion is that there must be a transformation, or she will create her own, for there must be some type of social change on how “Chicanos” are viewed.

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  17. 3.) There is a difference between global and transnational feminism. Global feminism focuses on women’s rights on a global scale. Transnational feminism is more concerned with the races, classes and sexualities of women across different nations. In the “Problematics of Transnational Feminism for Asian American Women” reading, the reading primarily focused on Asian American Women and not other times of women. We can tell that this reading focuses on transnational feminism because it focusing on mainly Asian-American Women and not on women on a global scale. So there is a major difference between global and transnational feminism. Global feminism focuses on women on a global scale and transnational feminism focuses on women on a specific race and or gender.

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  18. 3) There is a difference between global feminism and transnational feminism. Global feminism focuses on women rights all over the world without taking into consideration the characteristics of these women such as, race, heritage, culture, or lifestyles in general. Global feminism focuses on the big picture of feminism and generalizes all women around the globe into one category. Unlike global feminism translations feminism, focuses on the differences between women around the world and is aware that women in other countries are being left out of the movement. Eliza Noh explains in her article the problems with Transnationalism Feminism but simultaneously explains what its purpose is supposed to be which is that transnational feminism takes into consideration different cultural histories and background. She states that “I learned that women of all backgrounds and affiliations may do “feminist” work, but we do not all agree about issues of gender.” (Noh, 132). Which means that she understands that global feminism is ignoring women of color and those in the Third World countries perspectives on gender inequality and transnational feminism believes that people of different nations do not share the same experiences with gender equality.

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  19. Global feminism and Transnational feminism are definitely very different. Global feminism advocates women as one. Global Feminist focus mainly on the political, economic and social power standpoint and to apply these to woman across the globe. On the other hand, transnational feminism is more schismatic than global feminism. Transnational feminist focuses primarily on race, religion, class, nations, gender and sexuality. In the article “problematic of transnational feminism for Asian-American women,” Elisa Noh spoke about how asian american woman do not relate to white women– therefore they are being discriminated against globally.

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  20. There is a huge difference between global feminism and transnational feminism. Global feminism includes all women as a whole; it does not generalize any women. In fact, it includes no specific race at all. Transnational feminism was common in “The Strength in My Rebellion” as well as “Problematics of Transnational Feminism for Asian American Women”. This term generalizes an entire group of people; for example, “The Strength in My Rebellion” the author mentions that she is a Mexican female that is considered Chicana in the Indians woman’s history of resistance. Her culture comes up with imaginary boundaries that separate cultures. She rebels against the general Latino culture.

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  21. There are different meanings for different women according to gender equality. Transitional feminist examines issues from a global perspective and consider how they intersect with our lives here. On the other hand there are so many different ways of looking at different aspects and creating different theories and global feminism is basically feminism as a global movement, where the rights of women are taken and spread globally. Whereas transitional feminism focuses on other factors that influences women’s rights such as color,class etc.Global feminism tries to solve the issues that are faced by women globally and transitional feminism looks at the different experiences positive and negative that the women has and the way they are treated.

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  22. The difference between global feminism and transitional feminism is very vast and they both are totally different. Global feminism concentrates on all the matters that stops women from getting their rights globally, global feminism considered women as one. Whereas transitional feminism is believes that women of different culture do not experience the same problems.Transitional feminism categorizes women differently not as a whole, it states that women living all over the world have different surrounding and different people and thus so their experiences varies in the matter of gender, race or sex.

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  23. There is a difference between Transnational Feminism and Global Feminism. Global Feminism is the idea for all women, regardless of race to come together on a global scale. In which they understand and fight for the same causes, such as the political, economic and social equality of women. Transnational Feminism does have a similar goal, which is the betterment of women kind. However, it is more concerned with gender and race, meaning that your race does matter. Also of the fact that women globally, have different experiences with gender inequality. For example, a White American woman will have a different issue compared to an Asian Woman. Yet

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  24. 1. In “The Struggle of My Rebellion,” Gloria Anzaldua identifies several specific words that seem related but are distinct from each other. She states, “mestizo when affirming both our Indian and Spanish (but we hardly ever own our Black ancestry); Chicano when referring to a politically aware people born and/or raise the U.S.; Raza when referring to Chicanos; tejanos when we are Chicanos from Texas.” Visibility is a recognition of identity. According to Anzaldua’s text, visibility is when a Chicano speaks of his cultural identity and people can relate to him because they have enough background knowledge about his culture. Invisibility is when a person speaks of his cultural identity and people cannot relate or have enough knowledge to relate to him. Hypervisibility is when there is some general knowledge about a certain culture such as that Chicanos have a mix of Mexican ancestry and born in America but they not enough to tell the distinction between a mestizo and a Chicano. Therefore, to a non-Spanish person, these terms may be related in that they refer to Spanish people which may seem the same as Mexicans. However, to a person who has background knowledge on the difference between these terms, the person can tell the distinction between one term versus another and as a result, he will identify a Chicano as being a Chicano instead of being a Mexican. This distinction between the terms became visible “when Caesar Chavez and the farm workers united and I Am Joaquin was published and la Raza Unida party was formed in Texas. With that recognition, we became distinct people.” As a result, the choice of words is very important. Using the term “Chicano” made the Chicanos visible and they were able to recognize their identity, their distinct language, their different culture as separate from Spaniards and Mexicans.

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  25. Transformation means a thorough or dramatic change in form or appearance. In context, the authors are seeking transformation in each dimension of language, body or whole, and socially. The authors suggests that language is a device to promote an agenda or a labeling affect. The author Audre Lorde mentions transformation from silence to our first amendment right whether personal or political. In “The strength of my rebellion”, the author acknowledge that language towards a particular race or ethnicity can be viewed in a negative connotation. The author Eliza Noh mentioned that language can be a smoke screen to downsize an issue or concern. The author seeks a change in the way dominant culture views social problems that women of color in the U.S. or in developing countries faces.

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  26. Global and Transnational feminism are interrelated terms because the definitions are overlaping; however Transnational feminism is an inclusion of all feminist practice and the other activists movements. Both terms are based on equality for woman.

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  27. 1.) In some societies women are seen as invisible and many times hyper visible. Through language I believe that women became more visible and this can be seen in many or the articles we have read thus far. As seen in “The Transformation of Silence into Language and Action” women remaining silent about what they are feeling or what they want made them invisible because no one thought of what women’s needs as an issue. When women actually spoke out, light finally shined on them and slowly women became more visible. Also in the reading “The Strength of my Rebellion” Gloria Anzaldua uses her native language to be visible as well. In the reading she is constantly going back and forth from English to Spanish, which makes what she is saying pop out more, which again lead to more visibility. Language helps the state of invisibility and hyper visibility become more visible. The power of words attracts many people and women using their language shows that they should not be shun away.

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  28. Authors have used the term transformation because they want to see a certain change come about from their pools of ideas, for the kind of transformation they are seeking I believe is a social and cultural transformation. For example in the article titled “The Strength of my Rebellion” the author discusses her movement that she encountered to move away from certain cultural expectations that she was experiencing, such as expecting to iron her brother’s shirts but instead she was reading a book for her own sake. This author also expresses how the social world, for example the Angloculture, attempts to paint a picture for how women are meant to act in certain scenarios. Another example is from an article by Eliza Noh called “Problematics of Transitional Feminism for Asian American Women”, here Noh is explaining how Asian American women are placed in the shadows for their problems compared to other women. Noh is searching for a social transformation to help Asian American women received a sense of acknowledgement the way other women receive it.

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  29. 3. There is indeed a difference between transnational and global feminism. Transnational feminism disregards the actions of previous feminists and also disregards the inequities of other countries or regions. Transnational feminism is able to utilize capitalism as a means for global communication, merging all women’s problems across the world. This can lead one to assume that all countries are equal in terms of power in that country. In “Problematics of Transnational Feminism for Asian American Women”, Eliza Noh points out these negatives of transnational feminism, expressing that it creates an imaginary collusion between Asian and White women. Global feminism on the other hand acknowledges the movement to bring power; economical, political, social, etc, to all women across the globe. In “Empathy on a Global Scale” Mahnaz Afkhami describes how empathy and global feminism can remove geographic distractions, such as the ones between the east and west, for a more open dialogue. The only problem expressed by Afkhami being that western feminism is overstated compared to other types of feminism. Global and Transnational feminism are not the same. While they both give the impression that its meant to attend to all women throughout the world, transnational feminism melds all the issues of women, while global aims to give all women power and voice in the world.

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  30. 3. There is a difference between global feminism and transnational feminism. Transnational feminism occurred in both passages. In “The Strength in My Rebellion” the group of females that was specifically targeted were the females of Mexico and in “Problematics of Transnational Feminism for Asian American Women” Asians were the main target. Transnational feminism is feminism that involves women across the globe with dissimilar experiences and refutes the work of overactivists from before. Transnational feminism is an oversimplification of declining borders, leading to an assumption that countries are equal and denies attention to power dynamics. Transnational feminism creates a collision between the white movement and Asian American women. Global feminism groups all women as one and generalizes everything based on one whole. When women’s rights move forward as a whole, that is global feminism.

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  31. Many authors have used the word transformation to prove a certain point. In my opinion, Audre Lorde strongly allures the word transformation, for example, “And of course I am afraid, because the transformation of silence into language and action is an act of self-revelation, and that always seems fraught with danger.” This text reveals how frightened the author was to express whom she is, the amount of silence she had within her was in a sense having her emotionally unstable. Lorde wants to speak her mind and during that time in society, it was not considered acceptable for her to voice who she is. In this text, transformation is used as in a way of self-revelation. For instance, self-revelation can mean to have enough courage to break out of the silence and advocate justice among all women. Similarly, Gloria Anzaldua mentions transformation throughout her text of rebelling against her culture and having enough courage to be the first to leave home out of her 6 generations. For example, she states, “What I want is an accounting with all three cultures-White, Mexican and Indian.” Anzaldua is expressing how she wants to transform all these three cultures into a new culture, such as una cultura mestiza. She wants to make sure no part of her roots are lost even if she rebelled against her own culture in order to sustain and prove her purpose in life. Also, having the ability to be free instead of having authorities over her. Transformation is very important in these two texts because the authors both want a sense of freedom and change as well.

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  32. Global feminism is a movement to bring political, economical and social power to all women and it also recognizes all the conditions of women. On the other hand, transnational feminism explains that women across the globe have different experiences. Transnational feminism focuses on race and gender and the issues in relation to that, while global feminism focuses on empowering women through political means.

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  33. 3. Yes, the difference between global feminism and transnational feminism is that global feminism is the idea that separate movements should exist across the globe in every country, whereas transnational feminism has to do with the transcending of borders to unite women in a common fight for equality. Transnational feminism has connotations of race erasure, because it attempts to do away with struggles faced by women of color specifically related to their race in order to fight what is apparently the true problem: sexism and a global patriarchy. But there is a significance to these racial and colonial issues that white women do not understand fully, and they cannot be brushed to the side for a more streamlined feminism. Eliza Noh describes the reality of life for nonwhite women as “racialized sex”, with neither of these problems existing separately from one another; if they are fighting the patriarchy, they are forced to take on racist structures at the same time. Global feminism acknowledges the diversity of the issues that women face, and instead of trying to unite them with white women to fulfill some sunshiney idea of “sisterhood”, it allows room for them to fight their own injustices without being pressured to join forces with Western feminists and to conform to their ideals.

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  34. From my understanding form the reading and class discussion global feminism concerns primarily on women’s right.global feminism includes every race. And as for transnational feminism it’s an activist movement women’s across the global. Transnational feminism focus on specific group of women’s depending on there experience meaning women from different places there issues will be different, but global feminism is for all women’s as whole.

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